Saturday, July 7, 2012

Medal of Greco-Bulgarian War of 1913 (2)


Circular bronze medal with ball, loop and ribbon bar suspension; the face with the head of King Constantine I circumscribed ‘ΚΩΝΣΤΑΝΤΙΝΟΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ ΤΩΝ ΕΛΛΗΝΩΝ 1913’ (Constantine King of the Hellenes 1913); the reverse with the head of Emperor Basil II circumscribed ‘ΒΑCΙΛΕΙΟC Β 976-1025’ (Basil II 976-1025); signed ‘G. Iakovidis’ on the reverse; ball and loop suspension are, unusually, one piece and may have been replaced or repaired, a few age oxidisation marks; on original frayed fragile ribbon with Wounded and ‘ΚΙΛΚΙΣ-ΛΑΧΑΝΑ’ (Kilkis-Lahana) bars. The medal was instituted by Royal Decree on 17 February 1914 and awarded for participation in the war against Bulgaria the previous year. An alliance of Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro and Serbia threw the Ottoman Turks out of almost all their remaining European territories in 1912 and the First Balkan War ended with the Treaty of London on 30 May 1913. However, the victors fell out over the division of the spoils, with Serbia and Greece forming an alliance against Bulgaria and the Second Balkan War broke out at the end of June. After initial setbacks, Bulgarian military successes stabilised the front in Macedonia. The Battle of Kilkis-Lahana took place on 3 and 4 July 1913. Greek forces attacked fortified Bulgarian positions and, despite heavy casualties, forced a Bulgarian retreat. The general situation was transformed by the invasion of Bulgaria by Romania on 10 July, leaving the former in a hopeless position. The Greek army pushed on up the Struma Valley to the Kresna Gorge seeking a decisive victory. However, they were exhausted and their supply lines overstretched. An armistice was agreed on 31 July with Greece gaining significant additional territory at the expense of Bulgaria. The sense of grievance thus created led to Bulgarian participation in the two subsequent world wars on the side of Germany and against Greece but the territorial settlement has endured. The Byzantine Emperor Basil II earned the epithet ‘Bulgar-slayer’ during his wars against the Bulgarian empire of Tsar Samuel which led to the incorporation of most Bulgarian lands into the Byzantine Empire. A good example in untouched condition.

Link: Medal-Medaille


Enter your email address:

© Macedonia Documents 2007 Template feito por Templates para Você