Saturday, July 7, 2012

Inscriptions on Luxor Temple

Luxor Temple is a large Ancient Egyptian temple complex located on the east bank of the Nile River in the city today known as Luxor (ancient Thebes) and was founded in 1400 BCE. For centuries Thebes was once known as the capital of the known world. Known in the Egyptian language as ipet resyt, or "the southern sanctuary." In Luxor there are six great temples, the four on the left bank are known to travellers and readers of travels as Goornah, Deir-el-Bahri, the Ramesseum, and Medinet Habu; and the two temples on the right bank are known as the Karnak and Luxor.

The original part of the Temple of Luxor consisted of a large peristyle court and a complex of halls and chambers beyond. In one hall is a granite shrine of Alexander the Great.

Shrine of Alexander the Great, Luxor Temple - photo by Cameron Grant.

At the temple are inscribed some Egyptian hieroglyphs, dedicated to Alexander the Great:

Latinized written form: [Prenomen] stp.n-ra mri-imn [Nomen] alksndrs
Transcription into Latinized form: [Prenomen] Setepenre Meryamun [Nomen] Alexandros
Translation into English: Chosen of Ra, Beloved of Amun, Alexander

The most interesting thing is that Egyptian pronunciation of Alexander's name is same as Greek pronunciation. If in Egyptian his name is written as alksndrs, and read as Alexandros, then in Greeks is written as Αλέξανδρος, and read as Aleksandros. While, in Slavomacedonian is written as Александар, and read as Aleksandar, and it isn't same pronunciation.

Photos with inscriptions of Alexander's barque chapels at the temple in Luxor:

Detail of Alexander the Great's Cartouche, in Luxor Temple, Egypt.

Carvings depicting Alexander the Great (on the right hand side), Luxor Temple, Egypt.

Alexander represented as Pharaon - Luxor Temple.

Author: M.P.


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