Tuesday, March 20, 2012

New American cyclopaedia - Vol. XIII (1867)

"The New American Cyclopaedia: a popular dictionary of general knowledge" - Vol. XIII, London 1867.

(On the pg. 98) - "...while Herodotus says that Greece called Pelasgia" and "The Arcadians, Ionians, and Argives seem to have been Pelasgian races, Attica was Pelasgic at a very remote period, and the earliest population of Macedonia may have been from the same stock"

- This excerpt shows common Pelasgic origin of Macedonians and other Greeks.

(On the pg. 156) - "Immediately upon his accession he confirmed the treaty concluded by his father with the Romans, but began secretly to prepare for war, and endeavored to form alliances with the states of Greece."

- Excerpt which shows attempts of Perseus of Macedon, to form alliance with other Greek states against Romans.

(On the pg. 163) - "...submitted to Alexander the Great, who invaded it in 334 with an army of 35,000 Greeks, and, after defeating the Persians in the great battles of the Granicus, Issus, and Arbela..."

- Excerpt which clear shows ethnicity of Alexander's army, who invaded Persia, as army of 35.000 Greeks.

(On the pg. 236) - "...Athenians recognized Philip as the head of Greece... He held a congress of Grecian cities at Corinth, in which he unfolded his design of invading the Persian empire, and liberating the Asiatic Greeks. The congress voted him the leader of the Greeks, and decreed that the various states should furnish contingents."

- This excerpt shows aims of the Philip II of Macedon to liberate Asiatic Greeks from Persians and to be leader of the Greeks.

(On the pg. 510) - "... two of whom were met by Alexander in his conquest of the east. The first ruled on the west so far as the Hydaspes, and when the Greeks attempt to cross that river..."

- Another excerpt which shows that army of Macedonian kingdom of Alexander, who fought at battle of Hydaspes river, was composed by the Greek soldiers.

(On the pg. 511) - "He was treacherously put to death by Eudemus, who was left commander of the Greek troops in that region."

- Excerpt which shows that Eudemus (general of Alexander's army) was left commander of Greek troops.

(On the pg. 646) - "He took part at different times in the affairs of Greece, maintaining an unfriendly attitude toward Macedon..."

- This excerpt shows that Ptolemy II Philadelphus participated in the affairs of Greece, especially of Macedon. Great prove that according to this cyclopaedia, Macedon was part of Greece.

Discovered by M.P.


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